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Editing transliteration should be a simple affair. After all, it only use a few alphabetic signs. Alas, it isn't. In the MdC, a simple, ASCII-based standard was used. But this standard requires special fonts, where “a” are not “a” but “ayin”. This lead to many problem when texts where exchanged. Passing from Mac to PC was a real problem, and publishers were very unhappy. Hundreds of hours of unnecessary work was spent converting files - or re-typing them.

Normally, Unicode should solve all those problems1). So, currently, JSesh proposes choices to the user. Your personal choice will depend on what you want to do with your texts. It's quite likely that unicode is needed for most publications, for instance.

You can choose the way transliteration will be dealt with from the Preference menu.

Using a unicode font

To use a unicode font, you need to have a font with the correct signs. Currently, the possible free fonts are:

  • EgyptoSerif, my own transliteration font. The signs are not very good looking, but they are in the correct place.
  • Gentium Plus
  • New Athena Unicode (see the exact details)

  1. You should open the “Preferences” menu (on the Mac, it's in the “JSesh” menu; elsewhere, it's under the “Edit Menu”).
  2. Go to the “Font Preferences” Tab.
  3. Select a font for transliteration
  4. open the “advanced option”, and check “Unicode Transliteration fonts”

Current problems with unicode fonts

The current support in operating system and softwares for the transliteration fonts is not good. Even Java on the Mac - and hence, JSesh - has problems.

The real problems are H̱ and yod

Capital H̱

On some systems, H̱ (as in the ram-god H̱nmw) displays poorly. It depends on the font and on the software and on the system. In most cases, it's ok. One annoying exception is that it doesn't give a good result with JSesh on Mac OS X. Apparently, the rendering system gives better results on Windows. Note that, if you paste your text in a word processor, you will probably get a good result anyway.


Unicode gives you a number of choices. I selected the two best solutions (the third one, using a kind of half circle of the yod accent, is simply reproducing a trick used when people had typewriters, and hand-made their yods with “c” letters). The problem is that, technically, the support for those solution is lacking.

Not using unicode

You can select a font with a MdC-compatible encoding. In this case, JSesh does not deal with capital letters. You can choose your own font, if you have one, or use the default JSesh transliteration font. A version of this font is embedded in the software, but you can install it on your system (to use with a word processor, for instance). A copy of this font is available in the font folder of JSesh installation.

Easy way with the old font

You should open the “Preferences” menu (on the Mac, it's in the “JSesh” menu; elsewhere, it's under the “Edit Menu”). Go to the “Font Preferences” Tab, and click the “use old transliteration font” button.

That's it. For your own Word (or OpenOffice…) documents, you can find the font in the JSesh application folder (in the “font” folder).

Using your own MdC-compatible fonts

If you have a font compatible with the MdC (that is, the “a” represents an ayn, the “A” represents an aleph, etc…), you can use it too.

Simply select your font (using “Choose font” in front of the Transliteration font), and then, in the advanced options, select “MdC (non Unicode) Transliteration font”.

1) as I have written elsewhere, I feel that Unicode for Hieroglyphs is a whole different business
doc/en/transliteration.1318167647.txt.gz · Last modified: 2016/10/12 14:14 (external edit)